Substation DC system

The main function of substation DC system is to ensure uninterrupted power supply for essential loads.

ensure uninterrupted power supply for essential loads

Problems and solutions

Problems

  • Power outages

  • LAB have a “memory effect”, which means that the battery must be completely discharged before charging

  • Long charging time. On average, a full charge takes 8 to 10 hours

  • Discharge depth without the service life reduction is less than 60% of the rated capacity

  • Low power characteristics. On average, LAB can produce a continuous current of about 0,5 C. That means, that LAB with capacity of 100 A * h would provide the maximum continuous current of 50 A.

  • The discharge curve of LAB is flat, and the battery voltage seriously depends on the charge level.

  • Low charge efficiency of lead-acid batteries - 65-85%

  • High self-discharge rate (up to 15% per month)

  • Solutions

  • Providing and reserving power for in-house needs and power facilities. Instant switch to battery power when the mains voltage disappears.

  • LIB are capable of charging at any charge level keeping the ability to return the full capacity

  • Significantly shorter charging time. The standard charge mode is 1 hour, which significantly reduces the time of operational readiness after a full discharge.

  • LIB allows up to 80% depth of discharge. Thus, with the same rated capacity, LIB can produce more power

  • High power characteristics. LIB in normal mode can produce a current of 3 C. Thus, LIB with a capacity of 100 A * h would provide the maximum continuous current of 300 A. This advantage allows to significantly reduce the nominal capacity of LIB compared to LAB. Thus, when replacing the battery in a substation DC system, the initial cost of the power accumulating device on LIB is equal to the cost of a device on scab LAB, or even less.

  • The discharge curve of LIB in the range from 100% to 20% of the charge is almost horizontal straight line, the battery voltage is nearly constant in that range

  • High charge efficiency of LIB - 93-95%

  • Low self-discharge rate (on average, 3% per month)

  • Problems

  • A charging room is required - a hazardous production facility

  • Inefficient monitoring of battery condition during operation

  • Solutions

  • No charging room required (decommission of a hazardous production facility is possible)

  • A built-in monitoring system (BMS) that monitors the status of each element's parameters and can transmit results). In case of emergency or critical situations, BMS sends a signal to the switch gear and disconnects the energy storage device from the load and network.

  • Problems

  • Low energy density in LAB ⇒ high mass and large dimensions ⇒ need for work areas

  • LAB require maintenance at a certain interval during operation (for example, monitoring the appearance, leveling the electrolyte level), which entails the need for maintenance personnel

  • Accelerated LAB degradation ⇒ frequent battery replacement

  • Solutions

  • Occupied area is reduced, no need for a room with exhaust ventilation. Thus, the battery may be placed almost at any room of a substation.

  • LIB are sealed and do not require maintenance.

  • LIB does not need to be replaced during the entire service life

  • main characters

    20 y.
    Battery life without replacement
    5000
    Charge/discharge cycles
    1-2
    Charging time of a Li-ion battery

    main characters

    300 Wh/kg
    Maximum LIB energy density
    93%
    Battery efficiency
    3%
    Self-discharge rate per month

    main characters

    100%
    Tightness of LIB
    Rated power: from 50 to 1600 kVA*;
    Design: modular cabinet/container
    Capacity: from 50 to 520 kWh*
    Type of climate version: UHL4/U1
    Efficiency: 94% and more

    Composition of OOPT

    1. Rectifier charger
    2. Battery switchgear cabinet
    3. Battery and control cabinet
    4. DC board
    5. Operating current distribution cabinet
    Charger Manufacturer 1
    Charger type
    Operating temperature, С
    Storage device
    Cell type
    Maximum discharge current
    Peak discharge current (5 sec)
    Service life (DOD80%), cycles
    Module power, kW
    Execution
    Thermostatting
    Fire extinguishing system
    BMS
    Maximum battery voltage
    Balancing type
    Balancing current
    01
    Инфографика СОПТ

    Individual approach

    We are ready to develop a custom-tailored solution for each client and offer a flexible list of specifications for your project. You can choose the dimensions, charging and running time, and other specifications.

    Projects

    We also offer cooperation throughout the entire project life cycle — from energy audit to technical support, as well as beneficial financial cooperation.

    Manager

    FROLOV
    ROMAN ALEKSANDROVICH

    Our managers will be glad to answer your questions regarding purchase and cooperation.

    Contact us

    Our staff will help you select equipment and calculate the price based on your requirements.

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